"The birth of the guide dog"
There was records depicting people with blindness walking with dogs in Pompeii, Italy during the first century AD. In a book from the 17th century, there was also a depiction of dogs with long rods attached to their collars being trained as guide dogs. The current organized guide dog training began after the first World War, in 1916, in Germany.
Guide dogs were first introduced in Japan in 1938, when an American traveler brought a guide dog with him in his visit to Japan where he went around giving lectures. In 1939, Japan imported 4 guide dogs that were raised and trained in Germany. After retraining them so they can receive orders in Japanese instead of German, they were then trained once more to correspond with Japan's traffic conditions. They were brought in to help social rehabilitation of soldiers who lost their sight during the war.
"Main duties of a guide dog"
1. Notify the handler of corners. 2. Notify the handler of elevations and depressions. 3. Notify the handler of obstacles. These three basic duties make up the policy for guide dogs. Furthermore, they also lead the handler to nearby landmarks. Fundamentally, a guide dog will walk on the left of the handler.
Guide dogs help people who cannot see or have difficulty seeing so that they can walk safely when they want to go somewhere by helping them avoid obstacles as well as notifying corners, elevations, and depressions.
They can ride the train or the bus and they can also enter stores to accompany blind people. They notify the handler of corners by walking along the wall to the left side. When they find elevations and depressions, they will stop and tell the handler.
"Guide dog training"
Guide dogs are trained to avoid obstacles such as signs, bicycles, parking cars, and pedestrians. Furthermore, guide dogs are also trained to find obstacles in high places that are difficult to find using white canes.
"The harness is the symbol for the guide dog"
The white fitting on a guide dogs body is called a harness. The handler can feel the guide dog's movements through the harness, enabling them to walk safely. A guide dog will always wear a harness when doing its job. There is a "guide dog" sign written on the front of the harness bag.
"Retirement for guide dogs"
A guide dog will retire once it is around 10 years-old. In human's age this is roughly equivalent to 60 years-old, and they are still quite energetic, but guide dogs retire early. They will no longer wear harnesses when going outside. Guide dogs who have been living together with humans since they are young will spend their last moments being loved by everyone.